It was into this broken world that God sent his Son with the purpose of restoring all things. The Law of Moses had proved to be powerless in the face of sin. It could not restore, only restrain, and it proved to be pretty weak at that as well. However, what Jesus accomplished on the cross and in his resurrection brought about a power that not only overcomes sin, but is also bringing about the long desired restoration.
We often find in Jesus’ teaching a more acute (and accurate) interpretation of the Law of Moses. Because the Jews were so hardhearted, they misused the Law to justify their sinfulness. This is especially so as it relates to how they treated their wives and daughters. Jesus confronts this twisting of the Law and the resulting oppression head-on in the striking passage that follows.
2 And Pharisees came up and in order to test him asked, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?” 3 He answered them, “What did Moses command you?” 4 They said, “Moses allowed a man to write a certificate of divorce and to send her away.” 5 And Jesus said to them, “Because of your hardness of heart he wrote you this commandment. 6 But from the beginning of creation, ‘God made them male and female.’ 7 ‘Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and hold fast to his wife,  8 and the two shall become one flesh.’ So they are no longer two but one flesh. 9 What therefore God has joined together, let not man separate.” (Mark 10, ESV)
There are several things that are striking in this passage. First, the Jews wanted to justify their horrendous treatment of their wives. But Jesus points out that they are perverting the Law of Moses by doing so. Second, Jesus indicates that the Law was not only written to restrain Israel’s sin, but the Law itself was restrained by Israel’s sin. Sin had so much power over Israel that even the Law was stretched to the breaking point because of Israel’s hardness of hard. Finally, and most telling for my posts on the Epistles, notice that Jesus’ method of argument mirrors the method that Peter and Paul use, namely, by arguing from the account of Creation. My main reason for bring this text to bear on the issue of patriarchy in Jesus’ teaching is to show that much of Jesus’ teaching was focused on showing Israel their desperate need of a Savior.
There is another critical passage (John 15) that I need to bring up as it relates to Jesus’ teaching concerning patriarchy and how that relates to both the Old Testament and the Epistles of Peter and Paul and to the joy to be found in living out a godly patriarchy. But as this is already getting long, I’ll have to follow up with that in a day or so.